This growing popularity is evidence enough to showcase how good Vue.js has turned out to be. But the question remains: is it better than Angular or React? So if you are a developer torn out between these three options for your new project, then this article is for you! To find an answer to this question, a comprehensive comparison of the three is imminent.
But before we proceed to compare the three based on different parameters, it is crucial to understand the basics of the individual frameworks. So let’s get started!
Table of Contents
To see if Vue.js is better than Angular and React, a comparison with all the technical details understands their basics. So, before we get into the details, let us learn about the frameworks and their histories.
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React was launched in 2013, originally authored by Jordan Walke and developed by Facebook. Naturally, a lot of Facebook products use React. The current stable version of the framework is 17.X, which was released in October 2020.
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Originally authored and developed by ex-Google employee Evan You and initially launched in 2014, Vue.js or Vue is the youngest of the three. Being the youngest has provided it with certain benefits as it has learned a great deal from Angular and React on its way. The current stable version of Vue is Vue 3.0 that was released in September 2020.
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A comprehensive comparison of the three – Vue.js Vs. Angular Vs. React– can only be possible if we consider their characteristics across specific parameters, such as license, size, load time, components, learning curve, and popularity. Defining each framework against these set parameters will enable us to determine the better option among the three in a more standardized way.
The size of the frameworks varies, although not massively. In production, angular, React, and Vue are 167 KB, 109.7 KB, and 30.67 KB, respectively. The exact sizes in development are 1.2 MB, 774.7 KB, and 279 KB, respectively. Being comparatively the largest, Angular has a lengthier load time than Vue, which is the smallest among the three. There are also the sizes of the libraries of each, but they aren’t such significant factors as caching and minimization have become standard practices.
The comparison between the components of the three frameworks is extremely critical as the components are the most integral parts of all the frameworks. But what are these components? A component is a minor part of a framework that changes its behavior based solely on its input. The changed component then manifests itself in the UI of the page and makes reusing codes much more effortless. Check comparison Vue.js Vs. Angular Vs. React:
Learning curve refers to the ease with which a framework can be learned. It is an important parameter when comparing the three as each has its difficulty level and is compatible with beginner developers differently—as such, being the easier one will give them an upper hand in the race of Angular vs React vs Vue.js.
The learning curve of Angular is quite steep. It is a complete framework, and to master Angular entirely, a developer would need to have a clear understanding of related concepts like MVC and Typescript. As a result, it can take some time to learn Angular, especially if you are new in the field.
React has a less steep learning curve when compared to that of Angular. One of the primary reasons behind this is that React isn’t a complete framework, unlike Angular. Also, the framework comes with a Getting Started guide that can help even less-experienced developers set up React in a couple of hours. Additionally, the framework offers thorough and almost complete documentation, which accompanies pre-defined solutions to some of the more common issues. The requirement of third-party libraries for using the advanced features further provides a smoother learning curve when chosen.
On the other hand, Vue’s learning curve is way much most effortless among the three. It is incredibly beginner-friendly due to its higher customizability, flexibility, and simplicity. Not only that, transitioning to Vue from either Angular or React is significantly easy since they have similarities in certain functionalities.
Also Read: AngularJS Vs ReactJS
Migration from one version to another is another critical aspect to consider between the three. As a developer, you would want a framework that provides efficient continuity and doesn’t mess up with your code with every new update. So, naturally, more stability of a framework means more seamless migration & compatibility and can be a huge factor in determining which one is better – Angular, React, or Vue.
Any major update of Angular arrives every six months. And it takes another six months for Angular to deprecate any major APIs. As such, you nearly have a year to make necessary changes for easy migration.
When compared to Angular, React is much more stable. Facebook swears by improved stability when it comes to React, and thus, upgrades in versions are usually the smoothest, and migration is extremely seamless in this framework.
The differences between versions in Vue in each upgrade remain barely apparent and easily manageable. The latest version of Vue, 3.0, is almost similar to Vue 2.0, while 90% of the APIs remain the same between Vue 2.0 and Vue 1.x. The framework also comes with a migration helper tool to ease migration.
As far as popularity is concerned, it is safe to say that both Angular and React have become general terms among today’s developers. However, a proper comparison between the three can be made by considering Github’s star history, Stack Overflow’s survey, and Google statistics.
As per a 2019 survey by Stack Overflow, React became the ‘most desired’ framework as nearly 74.5% of developers preferred it. React was closely followed by Vue in the same category, with about 73.6% of developers desiring to work with the comparatively new framework. Thus, both React and Vue have almost similar users, while the preference for Angular has considerably decreased. Yet, Angular remained the preferred choice for more than 50% of the users.
On the other hand, Google statistics state React as the most popular framework, which Angular and Vue closely follow. However, suppose the 2021 star history of Github is any indication. In that case, we can get adequate evidence of the growing popularity of Vue and its increasing competition with both Angular and React.
The performance remains to be evaluated and is essential in deciding the better option between Angular, React, and Vue frameworks. Nevertheless, we will compare the performances of all three and what their pros & cons are.
Pros: Angular practices real DOM and comes with coherent updates, making it a more well-equipped option to build single-page applications. Also, its two-way data binding process follows an automatic, safe, and efficient approach.
Cons: The performance of Angular slows down during the transformation of heavier applications owing to its loads of features.
Pros: React applies the Virtual DOM that maximizes performance for applications of all sizes and those needing frequent upgrades. Not only that, React’s single-direction data flow enables developers to have better control over their projects.
Cons: React requires skilled and up-to-date programmers to keep up with its constant developments, or the quality of performance can be compromised.
Pros: One of the biggest perks of Vue is that it has successfully overcome the issues that were earlier apparent in Angular and React. As a result, Vue provides high-quality performance; its memory allocation and advanced features making it more effective.
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Let us now compare the advantages of each of the three frameworks individually.
Angular is undeniably the most mature of all the frameworks, and the framework uses this advantage significantly. It not only provides a full range of components but also comes as a complete package. Additionally, Google being the Angular.js development company is backed by many contributors and is particularly a very good choice as a framework for developers who are already acquainted with TypeScript. Also, many large companies hire Angular.js developers.
React has a lot of advantages, whether for its extensive range of impressive features or user-friendliness. Moreover, it is a lightweight framework that makes it highly efficient and fast. React’s incredible flexibility, alongside its modular structure, reusable components, rich toolset, easy navigation, and solid backup support, makes it perfect for building dynamic applications with higher performance. React’s additional capability to integrate with other frameworks seamlessly offers a tremendous advantage for large-scale projects. Like Angular, it enjoys a vast global community and many contributions, Facebook being the React.js development company.
Although the newest among the frameworks, Vue is the most versatile and progressive of all the three. It is also the smallest in size, most uncomplicated to use, and highly beginner-friendly. It is highly customizable and is easy to integrate as well as optimize. Not only that, Vue’s documentation, minimum restrictions, and robust support make it more adaptable and scalable as well. Its rapid growth as a significant competitor of both Angular and React, even without any backing from a significant company, is probably the biggest indication of its immense advantage.
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Now, let us compare the disadvantages of Angular, React, and Vue.js individually.
Using Angular, developers can face specific issues while debugging apps as it can be a bit more complex than other frameworks. Aside from that, this framework also requires server-side authentication and authorization to make the developed application secure. Nevertheless, the steep learning curve of Angular can be considered as another significant disadvantage of the framework as it may put off new developers from adopting it.
Despite its vast advantages, React has its disadvantages as well. For instance, the continuous developments and constant changes in the environment of the framework often make it difficult for developers to keep up with its requirements and adapt to it in time. Moreover, it lacks good documentation abilities and demands for other related technologies to complete a project.
While being the newest framework certainly adds to its advantages, it contributes to some disadvantages as well. The comparatively small community is one such disadvantage, for example. That is, as a Vue.js developer, finding a job can be more complex than the others. Also, it is still in the development stage and might be missing some plugins as a consequence.
After comparing the parameters, advantages as well as disadvantages of Angular, React, and Vue.js, the advantage that Vue potentially has over Angular and React is undeniable. It is fresh, lightweight, simple, flexible, adaptive, easy to learn, and perfect for new developers. However, since it is a reasonably new framework, it has a long way to go. Although Vue has the potential to be a better option than the other two, the fact remains that it has many things to learn. However, it may not be long before Vue has emerged as the better alternative to Angular and React for developers.
As we can see from our comprehensive analysis, picking out the better option among Angular vs, React vs Vue is pretty much subjective. For instance, if you are starting as a developer, Vue.js can be better than Angular or React. Alternatively, suppose you are an experienced developer and want full capabilities. In that case, Angular can be a preferable choice, while React can be a much more reliable option if you are looking for flexibility and speed.
To conclude, the framework that is better among the three needs to be determined by your requirement, type of project, project goals, features you are looking for, level of expertise you have, etc. However, by using the comparison as analyzed in this guide, you can effectively determine your better option among the three.
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